BUKIT TINGGI WEST SUMATRA
West Sumatra the home of matrilineal of Minangkabau prople is the Charmed land of west Sumatra.Scattered trought its highland terrain are urgent lake where sailing,fishing and swimming abound
.Bukittinggi is the provinces loveliest city of the’ Narching montains ’80 kilometres from the coastal capital.
Padang it is rich in fascination:The horn-shope museum,the enchanting Ngalau Camang caves,with their haunting calcite formation.The immense Sianok Canyon,filled the eerie with drifting mists.West Sumatra is proud with its traditional culture unlike any in Indonesia.
During the Indonesian National Revolution, the city was the headquarters for the Emergency Government of the Republic of Indonesia (PDRI) from December 19, 1948 to July 13, 1949. During the second ‘Police Action’ Dutch forces invaded and occupied the city on December 22, 1948, having earlier bombed it in preparation. The city was surrendered to Republican officials in December 1949 after the Dutch government recognized Indonesian sovereignty. The city was officially renamed Bukittinggi in 1949, replacing its colonial name. From 1950 until 1957, Bukittinggi was the capital city of a province called Central Sumatra, which encompassed West Sumatra, Riau and Jambi. In February 1958, during a revolt in Sumatra against the Indonesian government, rebels proclaimed the Revolutionary Government of the Republic of Indonesia (PRRI) in Bukittinggi. The Indonesian government had recaptured the town by May the same year.
A group of Muslim men had planned to bomb a cafe in the city frequented by foreign tourists in October 2007, but the plot was aborted due to the risk of killing Muslim individuals in the vicinity. Since 2008 the city administration has banned Valentine’s Day and New Year’s celebrations as they consider them not in line with Minangkabau traditions or Islam, and can lead to “immoral acts” such as young couples hugging and kissing. It is a city popular with tourists due to the climate and central location. Attractions within the city include:
• Ngarai Sianok (Sianok Canyon)
• Lobang Jepang (Japanese Caves) – a network of underground bunkers & tunnels built by the Japanese during World War II
• Jam Gadang – a large clock tower built by the Dutch in 1926.
• Pasar Atas and Pasar Bawah – traditional markets in downtown.
• Taman Bundo Kanduang park. The park includes a replica Rumah Gadang (literally: big house, with the distinctive Minangkabau roof architecture) used as a museum of Minangkabau culture, and a zoo. The Dutch hilltop outpost Fort de Kock is connected to the zoo by the Limpapeh pedestrian overpass.
Notable nearby destinations include Lake Maninjau and the Harau Valley.
Day 01 PADANG-KERSIK TUO (LD)
Day 02 : KERSIK TUO – GUNUNG TUJUH (BLD)
Day 03 KERSIK TUO – PADANG (BLD)
Day 04 PADANG – AIRPORT (B)
BUKIT BARISAN NATIONAL PARK SELATAN
Wild Life:Sumatran Tiger, Sun Bear, Sumatran Rhinoceros, Malayan Tapir, Sumatran Elephant, Sumatran Serow, Siamang, Agile Gibbon, Clouded Leopard, Wild Dog, Reticulated Python, Water Monitor, Green Turtle and Leatherback Turtle Adventure:Trekking, Marine Tour, Swimming, Boating, Camping and Kayaking/Canoeing
Where is Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park:
Region: Location:Tanggamus, West Lampung, South Bengkulu Regencies, Lampung and Bengkulu Provinces, Indonesia
When & how to get to Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park:
Best Time to Visit:01-Jan to 31-Aug Getting There:There are four possibilities to enter the Park. Permits are available from the PHPA office in Kota Agung. For Liwa you can get permit in the rayon office in Liwa. Kubu Perahu Kubu Perahu is attainable from Bandar Lampung (station Rajabasa). Take bus with destination Liwa or Krui. Kubu Perahu lies 6km from Liwa. Suwoh more difficult access because part of the road to the park is not metalled. For Suwoh take bus from Bandar Lampung (station Rajabasa) to Kota Agung. From Kota Agung minibuses go to Sedaya. From Sedaya take an ojek (motorcycle) to Suwoh. This trip is only possible during the dry season. Sukaraja Atas Sukaraja Atas is as difficult to reach as Suwoh. For Sukaraja travel the same way to Sedaya. From Sedaya take an ojek to Sukaraja Atas. Tampang-Belimbing is the most developed area of the park. Take bus from Bandar Lampung to Kota Agung. In Kota Agung go to the harbour by minibus and take boat along the coast to Tampang. The boat-trip will take 5-7 hours. Nearest Town: Bandar Lampung Nearest Airport:Telukbetung Nearest Railway Station:
Way Kambas National Park is a large national park covering 1,300 square kilometres in Lampung province, South Sumatra, Indonesia.Located in East of Lampung province and the eastern part facing to Sunda strait.Take 1 hr From Bandar Lampung.
Way Kambas consists of swamp forest and lowland rain forest, but was extensively logged before becoming a reserve in 1972 so there is little primary forest. The reserve still has a few Sumatran Tigers and reasonable numbers of elephants. It is also provides excellent birdwatching, with the rare White-winged Duck among the species present. Accommodation is available at the village of Way Kanan, where there is a small guest house.
Another special feature of this national park is the Sumatran Rhino still present in the area. Only 275 remain in South East Asia today. In Way Kambas a managed breeding center or Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary (SRS) has been build up in 1995. At this moment 5 Sumatran Rhinos live at the Sanctuary, most have been translocated from zoos to the large enclosures (with natural habitat) at the SRS.
Much of the park is dominated by a mosaic of Imperata cylindrica grassland and secondary forest habitat types, primarily a result of intensive logging operations in the past, but maintained by frequent fires and seasonal flooding. A central core area of the park is characterised by relatively intact primary tropical rainforest.
There are four possibilities to enter the park.
Rajabasa station in Bandar Lampung (Tanjung Karang) to Way Kambas, also named Plang Hijau. The trip will take 2-3 hours (100 km). Panjang station in Bandar Lampung to Sribawono (1 hour). In Sribawono get on a bus to Way Jepara (1 hour) and from there with a minibus to Plang Hijau. Rajabasa station to Metro (1 hour) and from Metro to Way Jepara. Merak ferry terminal in Bakaheni, where the ferry from Java arrives, to Plang Hijau.
Permits for the park are available at the entrance in Plang Hijau.
In Way Kanan, in the park, are some simple bungalows. You should bring food.
Plang Hijau-Way Kanan (13 km) 3 hours From Way Kanan, by boat along the rivier Way Kanan to the river mouth in Kuala Kambas
A large part of the park is overgrown with Serdang Palms (Livistona hasselti). The lowland forest consists mainly of trees from the Dipterocarpacea family.
Because of the vast areas of grass-land, Way Kambas is a reserve where you can easily spot the animals.
Sumatran Elephant (a lot of them are very dangerous due to ill-treatment in the adjacent elephant training school!), Siamang, White-handed Gibbon, Long-tailed Macaque, Pig-tailed Macaque, Silvered Leaf Monkey, Malayan Tapir, Lesser Mousedeer, Large Mousedeer, Barking Deer, Malayan Sunbear, Wild Boar, Wild Dog, Sumatran Tiger, Sumatran Rhinoceros, Clouded Leopard, Pangolin, Temminck’s Golden Cat, Leopard Cat, Agile Gibbon, Common Otter.
False Ghavial, Estuarine Crocodile.
White-winged Wood-duck, Masked Finfoot, Milky Stork, Lesser Adjutant, Asian Dowitcher, Storm’s Stork, White-bellied Sea-eagle, Brahminy Kite, Grey-headed Fish-eagle, Lesser Fish-eagle, Osprey.
The Sumatran elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus) is a subspecies of the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus). It is the biggest land animal in Indonesia and is found only on the island of Sumatra. They are found in the island’s forests at altitudes of 1 750 m, but they prefer to live in lowland forests. They also have a large home range; they move from the mountain area to the coastal lowland forest during the dry season and then retreat to the hills when the rainy season comes.
A number of factors, such as forest fires, human resettlement, logging, timber estates, plantations, agriculture expansion, shifting cultivation, and road building commonly cause the fragmentation and degradation of the island’s elephant habitat. These activities, which are increasing year by year, have resulted in a rapidly shrinking elephant habitat and are responsible for the increase in the number of conflicts between elephants and humans each year.
Since the 1980s, the Indonesian Government has tried to solve this conflict by three main activities:
1. First, population management (Tata Liman). This involves moving or translocating elephants from the fragmented or degraded habitat to a more suitable habitat. Every year, until the current fiscal year, the government has allocated a budget for translocating solitary, isolated or troublesome elephants.
2. Second, elephant empowerment (Bina Liman). This involves habitat rehabilitation, fencing, community education/extension, and training troublesome elephants to participate in human activities.
3. Third, utilization of trained elephants from the Elephant Training Centres (Guna Liman). This involves using domesticated elephants for forestry, agriculture and recreation activities.
The Sumatran elephant, the smallest of the Asian elephants, is facing serious pressures arising from illegal logging and associated habitat loss and fragmentation in Indonesia. The island’s elephant population has come under increasing threat from rapid forest conversion to plantations. As forests shrink, elephants are increasingly closer to fields and cultivated land, generating conflict with humans that often result in the death of the elephants by poisoning or capture, as well as economic losses to humans.
Sebesi island ,fact of the Krakatau erupt explosion.
Sebesi (also Sebeezee, or ‘Bleezie’)(2825 m) is an island in the Sunda Strait,45 menit by boat from Krakatau and 1 hr from Kalianda,it’s between Java and Sumatra. It lies about 12 km to the north of the Krakatoa Islands and is the closest large island, about the same area and height as the remmant of Rakata. Like Krakatoa, it too is volcanic, although there are no dated eruptions known. (A single report of an eruption in 1680 seems to be a confusion with the Krakatoa eruption reported from that year.) Unlike the Krakatoas, Sebesi has permanent streams and is inhabited.
Sebesi was devastated during the 1883 volcanic eruption of Krakatoa (Indonesia). Official records give approximately 3,000 people killed, with 1000 of these being ‘non-residents’.
By 1890, Sebesi was being re-cleared. It is believed that since it lies closer to Sumatra, it has served as a ‘stepping stone’ for much of the flora and fauna which was reestablished at Krakatoa. By the 1920s, settlers had returned, and today Sebesi is virtually completely cultivated, with only a small area at the peak and some mangrove swamps still natural.Sebesi one of main destiantion for scuba diver ,and nice to visit with easily from either Java and Sumatra.
- Rumah Gadang (eat4read.wordpress.com)
- 04 DAYS / 03 NIGHTS ( 2N Bukittinggi , 1N Padang ) (bukittinggiminangwisata.wordpress.com)
- 05 DAYS / 04 NIGHTS ( 3N Bukittinggi , 1N Padang ) (bukittinggiminangwisata.wordpress.com)
- Clock Tower or Bukittinggi it’s same (eat4read.wordpress.com)