Sulawesi Discover tour-bunaken-Toraja land

Bunaken National Marine Park, Manado, Indonesia

Image via Wikipedia

Sulawesi is orchid-shaped island once famous on million of classroom maps as celebes,its coastal outline is a natural simbol for the island’s undeniable flowering beauty.In the south are Shimmering  hot spring,myriad – coloured sea shell adn butterflies.In the main city of Ujung Pandang [Nakassar] live the adventourous Buginese seafarers whos tall sailing ship have centuries for conquered  the waves.Hidden 300 miles north is the green and yellow country of Tana Toraja.The land of the heavenly King and hanging graves.Where the mountain people dwell in prow-shaped houses and perform burrial ceremonies whose elaborate richness rivals even that of Bali.
The fables of the south seas come to life in the northeastern arm of Sulawesi withits  endless white sandy beaches.volcanic,mountain and lakes.the whealth of coconut and clove plantations contibute tothe galety of thes friendly people.known for its coral reefs in un polluted sea.The hues of marine life is a driver’s dream.Minahasa,Bollaang Mongondow,Gorontalo and sangir Talaud,each it with its own culture and traditions tellof a pass tribal gathering and clanish lifestyle. 

Tour Destination
The paradise of Scuba Divers
Bunaken is part of the Bunaken National Marine Park, which has some of the highest levels of marine biodiversity in the world.[ Scuba diving attracts many visitors to the island. Bunaken is located at the north of the island of Sulawesi, Indonesia.1,5  hrs ride fast boat It belongs administratively to the municipality of Manado. 

The Bunaken National Marine Park was formally established in 1991 and is among the first of Indonesia’s growing system of marine parks. The park covers a total surface area of 890.65 km², 97% of which is overlain by sparkling clear, warm tropical water. The remaining 3% of the park is terrestrial, including the five islands of Bunaken, Manado Tua, Mantehage, Nain and Siladen. Although each of these islands has a special character, it is the aquatic ecosystem that attracts most naturalists.

The waters of Bunaken National Marine Park are extremely deep (1566 m in Manado Bay), clear (up to 35-40 m visibility), refreshing in temperature (27 to 29 °C) Pick any of group of interest – corals, fish, echinoderms or sponges – and the number of families, genera or species is bound to be astonishingly high. For example, 7 of the 8 species of giant clams that occur in the world, occur in Bunaken. The park has around 70 genera of corals; compare this to a mere 10 in Hawaii. Although the exact number of fish species is unknown, it may be slightly higher than in the Philippines, where 2,500 species, or nearly 70% of all fish species known to the Indo-western Pacific, are found.

Other sides of Bunaken.

Oceanic currents may explain, in part, why Bunaken National Marine Park is such a treasure trove of biodiversity. Northeasternly currents generally sweep through the park but abundant counter currents and gyros related to lunar cycles are believed to be a trap for free swimming larvae. This is particularly true on the south side of the crescent-shaped Bunaken Island, lying in the heart of the park. A snorkler or diver in the vicinity of Lekuan or Fukui may spot over 33 species of butterfly fish and numerous types of groupers, damsels, wrasses and gobies. The gobies, smallish fish with bulging eyes and modified fins that allow them to attach to hard surfaces, are the most diverse but least known group of fish in the park.

Biologists believe that the abundance of hard corals is crucial in maintaining the high levels of diversity in the park. Hard corals are the architects of the reefs, without them, numerous marine organisms would be homeless and hungry. Many species of fish are closely associated with particular types of corals (folious, branching, massives, etc.) for shelter and egg-laying. Others, like the enormous Bumphead Parrotfish, Balbometopon muricatum, are “coralivores” and depend on hard corals for their sustenance. Bony mouth parts fused into an impressive “beak” allow these gregarious fish to crunch corals like roasted peanuts.

Some 20,000 people live on the natural resources of Bunaken National Marine Park. Although there are inevitable conflicts between resource protection and use by people, the Indonesian government is taking a fairly unusual and pragmatic approach to park management. The idea is to promote wise resource use while preventing overexploitation. Local communities, government officials, dive resort operators, local nature groups, tourists and scientists have played an active role in developing exclusive zones for diving, wood collection, fishing and other forms of utilization. Bunaken Marine Park has become an important example of how Sulawesi, and the rest of Indonesia, can work to protect its natural resources.

Wakatobi is the name of an archipelago located in an area of Sulawesi Tenggara (South Eastern), Indonesia. The name Wakatobi is derived from the names of the main islands that form the archipelago: Wangiwangi Island, Kaledupa, Tomea, and Binongko. The group is part of a larger group called the Tukangbesi Islands. The archipelago, located in the biodiverse hotspot known as Wallacea.

The Wakatobi is also home to Operation Wallacea, a UK based for non-profit conservation group looking at sustainable development of fisheries and coral reef research. An independent non-commercial website [1] has been set up about the marine park. This website contains tourist and travel information about the wakatobi, with additional resources about the biodiversity, conservation and local people.


Toraja – South Sulawesi

Toraja traditional houses
Situated at the crossroads of strategic sea-lanes steeped in history, the province of South Sulawesi consists of the narrow southwestern peninsula of this mountainous, orchid-shaped island. The capital and chief trading port, Makassar, is still the gateway to eastern Indonesia. 

Spanish and Portuguese galleons, followed by British and Dutch traders, sailed these seas In search of the spice trade, escorted by their Men-of-War to protect them from the daring raids of the Bugis and Makassar pirates. Famed for their seafaring culture, the Bugis are still the driving force behind the world’s last commercial sailing fleet. Bugis vessels have sailed as far as Australia, leaving behind images of their ships carved in stone, and Bugis words which were integrated into the Aboriginal language of northern Australia.

The seafaring Bugis dominate the southern tip of Sulawesi, but in the rugged and remarkable country further north is Tana Toraja, often referred to as the “Land of the Heavenly Kings”. The traditional culture of the Torajans rivals any in the archipelago, making this area one of the most popular tourist destinations in Indonesia.


Believing that their forefathers descended from heaven in a boat some twenty generations ago, the Torajans have a unique Christian animist culture .the majority of the people still follow an ancestral cult called “Aluk Todolo”, which governs all traditional ceremonies. Their ancestor worship includes elaborate death and after life ceremonies, which are essentially great feasts. A strict social hierarchy is followed in the villages, and for an important figure wedding and burial ceremonies can take days to perform. Water buffalo and pigs are sacrificed in numbers appropriate to social rank, and the deceased’s remains are placed in a coffin and interred in caves hollowed out in high cliffs. The mouth of the cave is guarded by lifelike statues, called Tau Tau, who look out from a balcony near the burial caves, watching over the families and friends they have left behind. 

Tongkonan, the family houses, are built on stilts with the roof rearing up at either end, representing the prows of the first ship to arrive in the area with the Torajan ancestors. The houses all face north and some say that this is because it was from the north that the ancestors of the Toraja came. Others however will say that the north (and east) is regarded as the realm of the gods, on the compass of life.

South Sulawesi is also famous for its tremendous scenery and the quality and talent of its silk and silverwork industries, but the economy is largely based on agriculture.

The provincial capital of Makassar, formerly Ujung Pandang, is easily accessible by air. There are daily flights from Jakarta, Bali, Surabaya and Manado.

Toraja Toraja Old lady making thread

TORAJA TOUR – 4 Days/3 Nights

Day 01 Meeting services at Hasanuddin Airport Makassar, afterwards, set out on the picturesque drive to Toraja. Lunch at a seafood restaurant in Pare-Pare. In the afternoon stop will be made at Puncak Lakawan to enjoy the spectacular view. Late in the afternoon arrival Rantepao. Dinner and overnight in the Heritage Hotel.
Day 02 After breakfast, we will take you on a full day excursion in Toraja, in the morning we will visit Lemo, where we will find rows of Tau-Tau and the hanging graves. Londa has an ancient natural grave where the deceased are entombed with big ceremonies. Kete-Kesu is a traditional Torajan Village, where we can see the Tongkonan and the old rice barns and it is famous for its woodcarving. Lunch is served in Rantepao. Dinner and overnight in Heritage Hotel.
Day 03 After breakfast, we make another full day excursion in Toraja. Today we visit Pallawa, Sa’dan (the weaving center), Marante and Nanggala, a traditional Torajan village, known for its large Tongkonan and 14 rice barns. Lunch is served in Rantepao. Dinner and overnight in Heritage Hotel.
Day 04 After breakfast transfer back to Makassar. Lunch will be served in Pare-Pare. Afterwards transfer directly to Hasanuddin Airport for your next destination.